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435 Conflict between Corcyra and Corinth concerning Epidamnus  
434 Corcyrans defeat Corinthians at Leucimme  
433 Battle of Sybota Athens allies itself to Corcyra
433/432 Athens renews its alliance with Rhegium and Leontini  
432 Revolt of Potidea, Megarian Decree 87th olympic games
432/431 Siege of Potidea, Conference of the Poloponnesian League in Sparta  
431 Theban attack on Plataea  
431 Archidamian War  
431 Siege of Potidea continued Euripides, Medea
431 First Spartan invastion of Attica  
431/430 Siege of Potidea continued Funeral oration of Pericles
430 Second Spartan invasion of Attica  
430 Plague in Athens  
430 Pericles fails to take Epidaurus  
430 Spartan failure ot send an embassy to Persia  
430/429 Phormio sent to Naupactus  
  Fall of Potidea  
429 Siege of Plataea  
  Plague continues. Pericles dies  
  Victories of Phormio  
429/428 Sitalces of Thrace invades Macedonia  
428 Third Spartan invasion of Attica Euripides, Hippolytus
  Siege of Plataea continued 88th Olympic games
  Revolt of Mitylene Death of Anaxagoras
    Birth of Plato
428/427 Siege of Mitylene  
  Siege of Plataea continued  
427 Fourth Spartan invasion of Attica  
  Fall of Mitylene  
  Fall of Plataea  
  Civil war in Corcyra Gorgias of Leonitini in Athens
  First Athenian expedition into Sicily  
  Death of the Spartan king Archidamus II, regent installed, Agis II too young  
427/426 Plague breaks out again  
426 Demosthenes in western Greece  
  Cleon triples tribute of the subject allies  
326/425 The Athenians purify Delos Death of Artaxerxes I Makrocheir
  Battle of Olpae Spring: eruption of the Etna
    Aristophanes, Acharnians
425 Fifth Spartan invasion of Attica Crisis of succession in the Persian empire
  Demosthenes captures Pylos  
  Cleon captures 292 Spartans at Sphacteria  
  Destruction of the Corcyran oligarchs  
425/424   Darius II Nothus becmoes sole ruler in Perisan. Aristophanes, Knights
424 Congress at Gela; peace at Sicily 89th Olympic games
  Fighting at Megara  
  Athenians defeated by the Thebans at Delium  
424/423 Brasidas captures Amphipolis  
  Thucydides exiled  
  Brasidas captures Torone  
423 In Spring an armistice Aristophanes, Clouds
423/422 Brasidas fails to capture Potidaea Aristophanes, Wasps
422 End of the armistice; Cleon recovers Torone but is killed in action at Amphipolis; Brasidas killed  
422/421 Peace negotiations  
421 Peace of Nicias Aristophanes, Peace
421 Athenians capture Scione  
  Alliance between Argos and Corinth  
421/420 Fruitless negotiations between Athens and Sparta  
420 Alliance between Argos, Mantinea, Elis and Athens Cult of Asclepius introduced in Athens. 90th Olympic Games; Alcibiades wins 1st, 2nd and 4th prizes.
419 War between Argos and Epidaurus. Agis II prefers not to intervene  
418 Agis II defeats the Athenian coalition at Mantinea  
418/417 Oligarchic interlude in Argos  
417   Ostracism of Hyperbolus
417/416   Agathon wins the Lenaea (occasion of Plato's Symposium )
416 Athens attacks Melos 91st Olympic games. Eripides, Heracles?
416/415 Athens captures Melos
Preparations for Sicilian Expedition
 
415 Mutilation of the Athenian herms; Alcibiades accused
Launching of the Athenian expedition to Sicily
Alcibiades recalled; he flees to Sparta
Euripides, Trojan Women
Tissaphernes succeeds Pissuthnes
415/414 Hermocrates convinces the Camerinans not to support the Athenians  
414 Athenians start siege of Syracuse
The Spartan Gylippus arrives at Syracuse
Aristophanes, Birds
Euripides, Iphigenia in Tauris ?
414/413 Nicias asks for reinforcements  
413 Demosthenes with reinforcements to Sicily
Naval fight in harbor of Syracuse
Late summer: destruction of the Athenian expeditionary force
 
413 Early spring: the Spartan king Agis captures and fortifies Decelea (beginning of the Decelean war )
Mycalessus sacked
Euripides, Ion ?
413/412 Athenian crisis measures Agis' wife Timaea seduced by Alcibiades
412 Revolt of the Athenian allies (beginning of the Ionian War )
Alcibiades brings Spartan support to Ionia; Athenians start the siege of Chios
First agreement between Sparta and Persia
Euripides, Helen
92nd Olympic games
412/411 Siege of Chios continued; Tissaphernes in Miletus
Second agreement between Sparta and Persia
Spartans capture Iasus; end of Amorges
Aristophanes, Lysistrata
411 Third agreement between Sparta and Persia
Oligarchic coup in Athens (the Four Hundred; text )
Spartan attack on Euboea
Countercoup by Theramenes (the Five Thousand)
Athenian naval victories at Cynossema and Abydus [End of Thucyides' History ]
Aristophanes, Thesmophoriazusae
Euripides, Phoenician women ?
410 Athenian naval victory at Cyzicus
Spartan peace offer refused
Restoration of the Athenian democracy
Euripides, Electra ?
Pogrom in Elephantine
409 Thrasyllus in Ionia
Death of the Spartan king Pleistoanax; he is succeeded by Pausanias
Foundation of Rhodes
Carthaginian expedition to Sicily
Sophocles , Philoctetes
409/408   Aristophanes, Plutos (first version)
408 Athens recovers Byzantium
Spartan embassy to Darius II Nothus
93rd Olympic games
Euripides, Orestes
408/407 Cyrus becomes satrap of Lydia  
407 Alcibiades in Athens
Lysander in command of Spartan fleet
 
407/406   Death of Euripides
406 Athenian defeat at Notion; fall of Alcibiades
Athenian victory at Arginusae
Victorious generals executed
Death of Sophocles
Second Carthaginian expedition to Sicily
406/405 Spartan peace offer of peace, rejected by Cleophon Rise of Dionysius of Syracuse
405 Lysander defeats the Athenians at Aigospotamoi
Revolt of many Athenian allies
Pausanias, Agis, and Lysander lay siege to Athens
Aristophanes, Frogs
Peace between Syracuse and Carthage
405/404 Siege of Athens continued; Theramenes conducts negotiations Illness and death of Darius II Nothus
404 April: Fall of Athens; Long walls pulled down Artaxerxes II Mnemon becomes king of the Persian empire
404 Oligarchic regime of the Thirty; reign of terror 94th Olympic games
Alcibiades assassinated
Revolt of Amyrtaeus in Egypt
404/403 December?: Democrats, led by Thrasybulus, capture Phyle
Execution of Theramenes
 
403 Democrats capture of Piraeus; battle of Munychia
Critias killed
September: King Pausanias of Sparta restores democracy
 
403/402 Rewards for the liberators of Athens  
402 Fall of Lysander  
401 Civil war in the Persian empire between king Artaxerxes II Mnemon and his younger brother Cyrus, who is supported by a Greek mercenary force (the Ten Thousand), which included Xenophon Sophocles, Oedipus in Colonus (posthumous)
401/400 Return of the Ten Thousand through Armenia  
400 Death of Agis II; he is succeeded by Agesilaus
Spartan war against Tissapernes, led by Thibron
95th Olympic games
399   Xenophon in exile; Socrates executed
     
     

 

 

 

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